Earlier this year, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) made some progress toward implementing the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) by issuing two new proposed food safety rules. Specifically, the agency published proposed rules to establish standards for (1) growing, harvesting, packing, and holding of produce for human consumption (the “Produce Safety Rule”) and for (2) current good manufacturing practice and hazard analysis and risk-based preventive controls for human food (the “Preventive Controls for Human Food Rule”).
These two proposed rules are just the first step for establishing the framework for the modern food safety system called for by FSMA. Eventually, the FDA intends to release additional proposed rules addressing importer foreign supplier verification, preventive controls for animal food, and accreditation of third party auditors. A helpful overview of the proposed Produce Safety Rule and the Preventive Controls for Human Food Rule can be found here.
The FDA is currently in the process of soliciting comments on the proposed rules from industry stakeholders. The public may offer comments to the proposed rules over the course of the next several weeks. To facilitate that process FDA is planning to host two additional public meetings in Chicago, IL and Portland, OR in March. These meetings are the second and third in a series of public meetings announced in the January 31, 2013 Federal Register Notice and on FDA’s FSMA website. The first public meeting will be held February 28-March 1, 2013, at the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Washington, DC.
Stakeholders will be permitted to submit oral comments during the public meetings. In addition, the meetings aim to inform the public about the FDA rulemaking process (including how to submit comments, data and other information to the rulemaking dockets), and respond to questions about the proposed rules.
In Chicago, the forum will be held on March 11-12, 2013 at The Westin on Michigan Avenue. The meeting in Portland will take place on March 27-28, 2013 at Crown Plaza Portland Downtown Convention Center. To register for either event visit FDA’s registration page: http://ppleventreg.com/FDA-FoodSafety-IL-OR/.
On January 4, 2013, exactly two years after the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) was signed into law by President Obama, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published two new proposed food safety rules that will be available for public comment for the next 120 days.
The first rule on “Preventive Controls for Human Food” sets safety requirements for facilities that process, package or store food to be sold in the United States, whether produced at a foreign or domestic-based facility, for human consumption. A separate rule will be issued for animal food in the near future. The rule will require that food facilities implement “preventive controls,” a science-based set of measures intended to prevent foodborne illness similar to Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) systems that are already required by FDA for juice and seafood processors. Each covered facility would be tasked with preparing and implementing a written food safety plan, which would include the following:
- Hazard analysis;
- Risk based preventive controls;
- Monitoring procedures;
- Corrective actions; verification; and
The FDA is also seeking public comment on a second proposed rule, which proposes enforceable safety standards for the production and harvesting of produce on farms.
This proposed “Standards for Produce Safety” rule proposes science- and risk-based standards that would address the major areas of concern for the fruit and vegetable industry including:
- Irrigation and other agricultural water;
- Farm worker hygiene;
- Manure and other additions to the soil;
- Intrusion of animals in the growing fields;
- Sanitation conditions affecting buildings, equipment and tools.
FDA indicated that the effective date of both proposed rules would be 60 days after the final rule is published. However, in order to allow all businesses, particularly small and very small facilities, adequate time to comply with the new requirements of the rule, FDA plans to adjust the compliance dates based on the facility’s size.
Although many in the food industry believe these rules are long overdue, FDA notes that it conducted extensive outreach to the produce industry, the consumer community, other government agencies and the international community. Since January 2011, FDA staff have toured farms and facilities of all sizes nationwide and participated in hundreds of meetings and presentations with global regulatory partners, industry stakeholders, consumer groups, farmers, state and local officials, and the research community. The goal was to develop proposed rules that could be applied to small and large food facilities alike.
FDA intends to release additional proposed rules addressing importer foreign supplier verification, preventive controls for animal food, and accreditation of third party auditors.
The attorneys at Stoel Rives will be providing more details about the proposed rules implementing FSMA here at the Food Liability Law Blog in the coming weeks. Stay tuned.
The FDA confirmed this week that Listeria matching the strain that has caused health effects, was found on equipment and fruit at the Jensen Farms packing facility in Colorado.FDA Link..The recall that was announced on September 14 apparently actually began several days earlier and according to press reports included shutting down operations, the harvest and calling back trucks that were on the road. Four deaths out of 35 reported illnesses have occurred.
This recall brings into focus the new regulations that are to be promulgated by the FDA by January 2012 with respect to produce safety. Under Section 105 of FSMA the FDA is to establish standards for the safe production and harvesting of produce where the FDA has determined that standards would minimize the risk of serious adverse health consequences. FDA is required to publish a proposed rule on the minimum standards and publish updated Good Agricultural Practices by January of 2012. The standards are intended to include science-based minimum standards related to soil amendments, hygiene, packaging, temperature controls, nearby animals, water, and other hazards.
By this month, September 2011, the FDA is also expected to also publish a Notice of Proposed Rule Making which indentifies activities that constitute on -farm packing, holding, manufacturing and processing that will be subject to, or exempt from the Preventive Control Plan requirements under Section 103 of FSMA.
On July 31, the FDA issued draft guidance on three categories of produce: tomatoes, leafy greens and melons. Comments on the drafts are due, according to Hyman, Phelps & McNamara P.C.'s FDA Law Blog, by November 3 at www.regulations.gov using docket numbers FDA-2009-D-0346 (tomatoes), FDA-2009-D-0347 (melons), or FDA-2009-0348 (leafy greens). They may also be submitted directly to the FDA at Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852, using the same docket numbers to identify comments.
The purpose of the guidance is to provide advice on the FDA's current thinking of the best practices to minimize contamination, comply with legal requirements and identify and stop outbreaks as soon as possible. The guidance is intended to cover all stages of food production and handling up to the final retail sale of either raw or prepared foods.
The tomato guidance is particularly detailed. It covers everything from selecting the field to grow, including assessing the uses of nearby land, to detailed hygienic recommendations for those with access to the fields, to harvesting practices, including documentation to facilitate product tracing, to packing and repacking, storage and transportation, and preparation by food service providers. A special section covers greenhouse production.
The guidance is based on practices developed by the produce industry with the assistance of the FDA, but does not necessarily agree with the practices used in the industry. Consider this discussion of "top icing" of melons. The FDA notes, "Melons are typically top iced after cooling as a means of temperature control during transport and distribution." The first recommendation, though, is to ditch the practice entirely.
- Employing alternative means of keeping melons cool because top icing is not particularly effective in cooling or keeping melons cold.
It will be interesting to see the comments and how the FDA responds to them as the process continues.
Personal injury and economic damage claims await for the FDA and CDC to determine causation. Produce industry, particularly in Mexico, stands to suffer long lasting injury.
Whether or not your business stands to be impacted (or has been impacted) by the current outbreak, now is a great time to review and rehearse your crisis management plan. I recommend that your team include the following (whether in-house personnel or outside consultants):
- Scientific - Epidemiology, Microbiology, Infectious Disease - Quantifies risks, assists public health officials and supports litigation;
- Accounting - Estimates costs of response options and manages system for customer reimbursement;
- Public Relations - Coordinates all internal and external communications and develops a plan to limit impact to the brand;
- Quality Assurance - Assists in conducting traceback;
- Sales and Marketing - Notifies suppliers and buyers, monitors recall effectiveness and coordinates product returns;
- Legal - Assists with fact investigations, assists coordination with regulatory officials, addresses liability issues, deals with issues of insurance coverage and prepares for litigation;
- COORDINATOR/TEAM LEADER - selecting a member of the team that can bridge a diversity of disciplines and demonstrate leadership is critical.